Florida State Immigration Laws
Welcome to FindLaw's coverage of existing Florida legislation and rules related to individuals' immigration status. First off, however, it is important to be aware of the relationship and tension between state and federal law when it comes to subjects involving immigration. Below you will find information on what, if any, rules Florida has regarding immigration checks by law enforcement, educational institutions, and employers, as well as the existence of E-Verify requirements, restrictions on public benefits based on an individual's immigration status, and more.
Law Enforcement and Immigration in Florida
Under a federal program known as "Secure Communities", all individuals arrested are fingerprinted and run through a database which checks their immigration status. Some states are considering and even passing legislation permitting local governments to "opt out" of such programs.
Under federal law, employers must verify prospective employees' authorization to work in the United States. For more information, refer to federal employment eligibility verification rules and the requirements for Form I-9.
Florida E-Verify Requirements
Government employers and contractors are required to use E-Verify to verify current and prospective employees' legal work status. Private employers are not currently required to use E-Verify, although multiple laws have been repeatedly proposed to do so.
Driver's License/ID Requirements
In Florida, individuals applying for a new driver's license must provide a number of documents establishing proof of identity, Social Security Number, their residential address, and citizenship or lawful residenship in the U.S. Please refer to the Florida DMV site for more information
Public Benefits Restrictions
Under federal law, illegal immigrants are prohibited from receiving public benefits, although they are allowed to receive emergency services, health care, and other programs that have been identified as "necessary to protect life and safety."
Florida does not allow children of undocumented aliens to pay in-state tuition rates for state schools. Although legislation has been repeatedly proposed to allow the in-state tuition rates, so far none has been passed.
Voter ID Rules
Florida requires that voters present a photo ID with a signature on it to the appropriate official. Voters who do not have an ID will be allowed to cast a provisional ballot, which requires that authorities confirm the voter was entitled to vote and didn't cast multiple ballots.
Housing Ordinances and Immigration