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Texas State Immigration Laws

Welcome to FindLaw's coverage of existing Texas legislation and rules related to individuals' immigration status. Below you will find information on what, if any, rules Texas has regarding immigration checks by law enforcement, educational institutions, and employers, as well as the existence of E-Verify requirements, restrictions on public benefits based on an individual's immigration status, and more.

Law Enforcement and Immigration in Texas

As part of the 287(g) Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) ACCESS Program, police in Carrollton, Farmers Branch and Harris County cooperate with federal authorities in enforcing federal immigration law.

Under a federal program called "Secure Communities," all arrestees are fingerprinted and run through a federal database which checks their criminal record and immigration status.

Employment Checks

Refer to federal employment eligibility verification rules and the requirements for Form I-9.

Texas E-Verify Requirements

No requirement to use E-Verify for checking employees' status.

Driver's License/ID Requirements

A valid Social Security Card is one of several types of identification acceptable (but not necessarily required) for obtaining a driver's license or state ID.

Public Benefits Restrictions

Participation in the state's Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs restricted to U.S. citizens and legal residents only.

Under federal law, illegal immigrants are prohibited from receiving most public benefits. However, they are allowed to receive emergency services, health care and other programs that have been deemed "necessary to protect life and safety."

Education Restrictions

The children of illegal aliens are allowed to pay in-state tuition at public universities.

Voting ID Rules

Valid and current photo identification required to vote. Examples include a driver's license, U.S. military ID, U.S. citizenship certificate and U.S. passport.

Housing Ordinances and Immigration

N/A

Related Resources

  • Know Your Rights - Guide to protecting yourself and your family during immigration raids (PDF, CASA of Maryland and other organizations).
  • Immigration to Texas - Resources for immigrants to Texas (U.S. Immigration Support).
Next Steps
Contact a qualified immigration attorney to help
you get the best results possible.
(e.g., Chicago, IL or 60611)