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Washington State Immigration Laws

Welcome to FindLaw's coverage of existing Washington legislation and rules related to individuals' immigration status. Below you will find information on what, if any, rules Washington has regarding immigration checks by law enforcement, educational institutions, and employers, as well as the existence of E-Verify requirements, restrictions on public benefits based on an individual's immigration status, and more.

Law Enforcement and Immigration in Washington

Under a federal program called "Secure Communities," all arrestees are fingerprinted and run through a federal database which checks their criminal record and immigration status. Washington defers to local governments, who may opt out of the program if they so choose. However, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials have stated that the program is not optional.

Employment & Immigration

The state subsidizes facilities that house low-income migrant, seasonal and temporary farm workers.

Refer to federal employment eligibility verification rules and the requirements for Form I-9.

Washington E-Verify Requirements

No requirement to use E-Verify for checking employees' status.

Driver's License/ID Requirements

Undocumented immigrants are eligible for a state driver's license or non-driver ID.

Public Benefits Restrictions

Under federal law, illegal immigrants are prohibited from receiving most public benefits. However, they are allowed to receive emergency services, health care and other programs that have been deemed "necessary to protect life and safety."

Education Checks


Voting ID Rules

Non-photo identification required to vote. Examples include a valid photo ID (such as a driver's license), voter ID cars or a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement or similar document.

Housing Ordinances and Immigration


Related Resources

  • Know Your Rights - Guide to protecting yourself and your family during immigration raids (PDF, CASA of Maryland and other organizations).
  • Immigration Services - Resources for immigrants in Washington (Washington State Office of the Attorney General).
Next Steps
Contact a qualified immigration attorney to help
you get the best results possible.
(e.g., Chicago, IL or 60611)